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For example, 15- to 16-year-olds who use religion to cope with stress tend to use drugs significantly less often and have less problems as a result of drinking than their peers who do not use religion to cope.
Since effective treatment of teen depression can be a deterrent to alcohol use, parents who seek help for their depressed teen in a timely manner can also help prevent their adolescent from engaging in underage drinking. "A Longitudinal Study of Coping Strategies and Substance Abuse in Adolescent Boys." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 16.2 Mar.
Clear communication by parents about the negative effects of alcohol, as well as about their expectations regarding drug use, has been found to significantly decrease teenage drinking. "Indications for Management and Referral of Patients Involved in Substance Abuse." Pediatrics 106.1 July 2000: 143-148.
Adequate parental supervision has also been found to be a deterrent to alcohol use in youth. "Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Substance Use Disorders." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 44.6 (2005): 609-621. "Brief teen interventions can stave off lifelong alcohol abuse." Monitor on Psychology 39.4 Apr.
Teen risk factors for alcoholism differ a bit between the 14- to 16-year-old and 16- to 18-year-old age groups, in that 16- to 18-year-olds tend to be less likely to drink in excess when they have a close relationship with their mothers. "Examining the changing influence of predictors on adolescent alcohol misuse." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.
Facts about the societal risk factors for adolescent alcoholism include peer pressure and the portrayal of teen drinking in the media.
Five stages of alcohol and drug use have been identified. "Adolescent brain development and drug abuse." The Mentor Foundation.
Girls who drink, as well as teens who begin drinking prior to 14 years of age and those whose mothers have drinking problems, are more likely to develop alcoholism.
Teen participation in extracurricular activities has therefore been revealed to be an important measure in the prevention of alcohol use in this age group. "Adolescence and the Trajectory of Alcohol Use: Basic to Clinical Studies." Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities 1021 June 2004: 234-244.
Parents can also help educate teens about appropriate coping and stress-management strategies.
Alcohol, and other drug use, has been found to occur most often between the hours of 3 p.m. Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth at Georgetown University.
and 6 p.m., immediately after school and prior to parents' arrival at home from work.